Evan Futterman wears conservative suits, loves his two daughters and has worked in the aviation planning business for 32 years. He also has a life partner of the same gender and a goal to help other lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people build confidence that they can succeed in business while not having to lie about their identities.
For years, he says, he hid his identity. Today, however, he runs his own consultancy, has a dozen clients and feels free to introduce his partner publicly without fear of losing business.
In 2009, he started Gays and Lesbians in Aviation (GALA), a support group under the auspices of the American Association of Airport Executives and the Airports Council International. “I believe that a part of human dignity is respecting and caring for each other just as [we] are and not imposing our own values on [others],” says Thella Bowens, chief operating officer of the San Diego County Regional Airport Authority and a high-level member of both associations.
Although many LGBTs in the engineering and construction world report overall positive experiences, they also have faced homophobia. “Engineering is a broad field, and support for LGBT equality varies widely both in terms of formal policy and in terms of workplace culture,” wrote Donna M. Riley in a 2008 scholarly article for the journal Leadership and Management in Engineering. Engineering sectors, “particularly those close to … defense and construction, tend to be more conservative, fostering more of a 'don't ask, don't tell' culture,” she wrote.
But researchers note that such a culture results in less productive workers and, ultimately, a less productive company. “Closeted workers suffer anxiety about how colleagues and managers might judge them and expend enormous effort concealing their orientation, which leaves them less energy for actual work,” researchers wrote in this month's Harvard Business Review.
Rochelle Diamond, chair of the group Gay and Lesbian Scientists and Technical Professionals, says she was once outed and laid off. “If I get married in a state that allows it, what happens if I get sent to another state? What if my employer sends me to a country where I could be arrested and killed for who I am?”
GLBTs in the industry are not looking to flaunt their identities. “What we don't want is special treatment,” says Futterman. “We just want fair treatment.”
Elaine Roberts, chief operating officer at the Columbus Regional Airport Authority, thanked her partner during a speech at an American Association of Airport Executives conference in 2007. “I'm not secretive about her, but I don't talk a lot about it,” she says.
But many remain closeted, especially outside major cities. An aviation manager in the Midwest says he lost a job abruptly over his sexual identity. In his current job, he reports to a director who is older and conservative; he's worried about being accepted as out. “It doesn't take five or six people to let you go.”
He adds: “Nobody wakes up and chooses to be gay. It doesn't define me completely, but I wish it wouldn't be a career detriment.”
City governments are widely inclusive, notes Ginger Evans, senior vice president,Parsons Corp.“Companies who want to connect with cities in a meaningful way will follow their lead.”